The ancient city of Kashan is famous for its production of first-class Persian rugs. For many centuries Kashan has woven some of the world's finest rugs. Their style and pattern have not changed greatly since the 17th century, when Kashan housed one of the first subsidized workshops.
Often called the palace rug, the Kashan rug was used to decorate the homes of the very wealthy, who often ordered a particular color to match their decor.
There is a careful balance of color and design in Kashan rugs; usually a large medallion in the center of the rug with a field of flowers, stalks and arabesques. Despite the complexity of color and design, the rugs never look busy or overcrowded because everything is perfectly balanced. The rug is woven very tightly, and the texture is soft but firm.
Background colors are usually a vibrant red or dark blue, with less frequent ivories, greens and some pastels.
Years ago kings traveled from far and wide just to buy rugs from Kashan. A fine silk Kashan from the 16th or 17th century would today be worth millions of dollars. Many of these prized rugs are on display in museums all around the world.