Kashmar is a city in Khorasan, the largest province in Iran. Like many other cities that produce quality Persian rugs, the north-eastern city of Kashmar has been weaving rugs for many centuries. Most of the rugs produced here are sold in Mashad, the capital city.
Kashmar once had nomads who wove the rugs purely for utilitarian purposes. These rugs were used as wall or floor coverings in tents and houses as protection from the often extreme temperatures of the area. As years went by, their beauty and craftsmanship was increasingly recognized and they became a valued art form.
Kashmar rugs are usually very large and the historic patterns most often tell a story about an event in history.
Popular themes are flowers or a picture of an ancient king. Some other common designs that make Kashmar rugs distinguishable are a bowl and plate, or a large vase, repeated on the field.
A wide range of colors is used in both the background and the designs, but many have deep blue borders. They sometimes resemble another classic style of Persian rug, the Kashan.
Kashmar rugs are very durable, composed mostly of wool and cotton. It's rare to see silk used in the pile of Kashmar rugs, and it is usually seen only in the much older rugs. However, the wool is very soft and therefore the rug is very velvety to the touch. The foundation is usually made of cotton.