Kerman is a city in southeastern Iran, and is well known for weaving some of the most beautiful and detailed rugs in the world.
In the late 19th century the design of Kerman rugs changed, mostly to accommodate the tastes of the growing western market. They are best known for the large ornate medallion in the center, or the Tree of Life motif. Kerman rugs are easily distinguishable for their mostly curvilinear patterns, although specific styles of images are found in some. All-over patterns are sometimes seen.
The background is often open, especially in the newer rugs. A few common motifs include a central medallion or a pictorial story illustrating a historical or monumental event. Some designs are based on the newer style, while some rugs retain more traditional designs like all-over medallions, floral motifs, hunting pictorials, vases, stripes, gardens, trees, and animals. Pictorials may utilize Persian or European designs. These patterns are often copied by designers and sold as genuine Kerman rugs, and only an expert can tell the difference.
The most common colors used in older Kermans are richer shades of red, beige, orange, turquoise and blue with pastel shades of blue, pink, yellow, ivory and lime green as their floral border colors.
Weavers use only Persian knots while weaving Kerman rugs, and they are made of lustrous wool, sometimes with silk. The foundation is usually made of cotton unless the rug is of very high quality, and then it can be made entirely of silk.