Nain rugs come from the city of Nain in central Iran, and other neighboring cities in that region. Historically, Nain was not a “rug city”, instead the city was known for producing. This remained so until the Second World War, when imported styles and fabrics made its textile industry uncompetitive. Nain learned quickly to take its place in the competitive rug market, and soon assumed its current position as one of the leaders in the trade.
Many of the traits of the ancient Isfahan rugs have been incorporated into the Nain style. The common colors are blue of every shade and beige, with white silk outlining. Other colors used may be shades of light brown, and gray with occasional fields of red, orange, yellow and green.
Many Nain rugs closely resemble Isfahan rugs, but they are still quite recognizable for their unique color and appearance. They usually have a very detailed curvilinear pattern of flowers and an arabesque style with forked leaves, or animal motifs. A motif called Islimi, made up of star medallions, is also seen frequently.
Nain rugs are of very fine quality, woven with only Persian knots. There are all-silk Nain rugs which may take many years to complete, and can contain up to 1,000 KPSI. Wool and silk are mostly used for the pile, with a foundation of silk or cotton. This cotton is uniquely rated by Laa, attesting to the number of strands in each thread of the warp. Meaning the fewer the strands, the finer the Laa rating.